Wastewater treatment services work are encouraged by environmentalists to protect our ecosystem, environment, animals, and humans. In some developed nations, wastewater is actively purified to pump it back to everyday use. However, many countries still lag in purifying wastewater, resulting in more than 80% discharge of untreated water.
Why is it important?
wastewater treatment services work contains many toxins and deadly microbes that may prove hazardous to the health of humans, animals, and our environment. Several diseases such as Cholera and Schistosomiasis find their way into the human population through untreated water. Statistics report 1.9 million annual deaths each year due to the consumption of uncleaned water. More than 90% of these deaths are reported in developed countries, which stresses the need to develop wastewater treatment services.
On the other hand, when the untreated wastewater release into different water bodies, it damages marine life, plants, or animals. The presence of chemicals such as nitrates and phosphates causes oxygen depletion, thus threatening the existence of aquatic species. Wastewater pumps ensure the usability of wastewater after passing it through multiple cleaning stages. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the USA set standards to purify water to release it back safely into the environment.
Water Purification Process
wastewater treatment services work can treate in several ways, including physical, biological, chemical, and sludge treatment. The physical treatment process bypasses the use of any chemicals. Water is purified through the techniques of screening, sedimentation, skimming, filtration, and aeration. In the biological process, microorganisms like bacteria utilize to clean the water. Microbes feeding on oil, human waste, and other chemicals consume all the toxic materials like food, leaving water perfect for reuse. Chlorine and ozone gas use in the chemical process to remove toxins from the water. The solid-liquid separation technique employe in the sludge treatment process.
Generally, wastewater passes through multiple stages, starting from removing bodily waste, e.g., plastic items, to ending with testing water for pH and other minerals. Let’s quickly go through all the stages to understand how wastewater pumps make water less hazardous and toxins-free.
Wastewater contains many physical substances such as plastic bottles, glass, stones, paper boxes, and other solid stuff. These materials pose damage to the machinery of wastewater pumps. Therefore, all these materials remove in the first step with the help of bar screeners. Bar screen acts as a hurdle to all the solid materials and stops them from going forward. Both manual and automatic/mechanical bar screens are available. However, manual screens are difficult to manage as they require continual debris removal to avoid clogging and water overflow.
Next come the stage of grit screening where all the debris remove. If not removed at earlier stages, the debris can cause damage to the equipment and damage the water flow. Different types of grit chambers are available such as horizontal, aerated, and vortex. They have different slit sizes and apply different pressure levels to the water to facilitate the removal of even fine grit. The grit keep on depositing at the bottom of the chambers, which physically removed afterward.
Organic residual matter, otherwise known as sludge, remove in the primary clarifier. Sludge settles down at the bottom due to gravity, following which it move to the sludge digester. It process, dried, and expelled from the system as a fertilizer. The flow rate of the water determines the working accuracy of the primary clarifier. If the water rushes in quickly, it gets no time to settle down, resulting in poor sludge removal. On the other hand, if the water flow is too slow, it affects the efficiency of the entire wastewater pump. Therefore, it is imperative to regulate the water flow for an effective outcome.
This step is essential to remove hazardous chemicals from the water. Some chemical reactions lie behind the science of aeration. Wastewater mainly contains organic matter constituting Nitrate (NO3) and Ammonia (NH3) molecules. To remove such molecules, water treate with Oxygen gas to facilitate the conversion of Ammonia gas to Nitrate. Next, bacteria naturally present in the water remove Oxygen from NO3 to release harmless Nitrogen gas. Aggressive agitation and pumping facilitate the process of aeration. Oxygen concentration (>2ppm) is highly regulated to achieve the best efficiency of the process.
Water from the primary clarifier is funneled into the secondary clarifier, which contains delicate pores for further removal of very fine solids. Micro-sized fine sludge is otherwise known as activated bacteria. After removing sludge at this step, a part of it is returned to the water to retain the beneficial effects of the bacterial population.
This step performs disinfection with chlorine or UV or ozone gas. The purpose is to restrict the bacterial population to a certain number in the water effluent. Wastewater treatment services ensure that the final effluent discharged from the waste pumps is non-hazardous to the environment. It is imperative to monitor the chlorine levels in the water before the final release of water in the water bodies.
Analysis & Testing
Water checke against various parameters, including pH, ammonia, phosphates, nitrates, chlorine level, and Oxygen. Final testing performer to confirm water quality as per the specifications set the registere environmental organizations. The water get release into the environment following all the testing procedures.
The water purified with wastewater pumps can vary in its level of purification. Some pumps pass the drinking water safety level whereas, others only purify it to the level of releasing back to the environment. The water can release directly into waterbodies or can also be fed to the plants. Read More Meaningful articles.